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Active Shooter Scenario

Preparedness & Response

Active Shooting incidents continue to increase throughout our nation and abroad.  The Jefferson County EMA encourages you to attend or schedule training specific to active shooter response.   


Our office, along with many others, promote the smart use of an options-based response to an active shooter event.  One such option is the RUN, HIDE, FIGHT guidance to this particular threat.  Our CERT program discusses the active shooter scenario within the class, and we offer other classes to the public when able.  

To discuss training options, please contact our office, or contact your local Police Department or the Jefferson County Sheriff's Office to get your local law enforcement involved at your place of business, worship, home or play.  

Be Informed

  • Sign up for an active shooter training.

  • If you see something, say something to an authority right away.

  • Sign up to receive local emergency alerts and register your work and personal contact information with any work sponsored alert system.

  • Be aware of your environment and any possible dangers.

Make a Plan

  • Make a plan with your family, and ensure everyone knows what they would do, if confronted with an active shooter.

  • Look for the two nearest exits anywhere you go, and have an escape path in mind & identify places you could hide.

  • Understand the plans for individuals with disabilities or other access and functional needs.


RUN and escape, if possible.

  • Get away from the shooter or shooters is the top priority.

  • Leave your belongings behind and get away.

  • Help others escape, if possible, but evacuate regardless of whether others agree to follow.

  • Warn and prevent individuals from entering an area where the active shooter may be.

  • Call 911 when you are safe, and describe shooter, location, and weapons.

HIDE, if escape is not possible.

  • Get out of the shooter’s view and stay very quiet.

  • Silence all electronic devices and make sure they won’t vibrate.

  • Lock and block doors, close blinds, and turn off lights.

  • Don’t hide in groups- spread out along walls or hide separately to make it more difficult for the shooter.

  • Try to communicate with police silently through text message or social media- so they know geo-tagged location, or by putting a sign in a window.

  • Stay in place until law enforcement gives you the all clear.

  • Your hiding place should be out of the shooter's view and provide protection if shots are fired in your direction.

FIGHT as an absolute last resort.

  • Commit to your actions and act as aggressively as possible against him/her.

  • Recruit others to ambush the shooter with makeshift weapons like chairs, fire extinguishers, scissors, books, etc. to distract and disarm the shooter.

  • Be prepared to cause severe or lethal injury to the shooter.

  • Throw items and improvise weapons.


  • Keep hands visible and empty

  • Know that law enforcement’s first task is to end the incident, and they may have to pass injured along the way.

  • Follow law enforcement instructions and evacuate in the direction they come from.

  • Officers may be armed with rifles, shotguns, and/or handguns and may use pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation.

  • Officers will shout commands and may push individuals to the ground for their safety.

  • Consider seeking professional help for you and your family to cope with the long-term effects of the trauma. 


Helping the Wounded

  • Take care of yourself first, and then you may be able to help the wounded before first responders arrive:

  • If the injured are in immediate danger, help get them to safety.

  • While you wait for first responder to arrive, provide first aid- apply direct pressure to wounded and use tourniquets if you have been trained to do so.

  • Gather an AED and be prepared to use it according to the guidance of the device and your level of training.

  • Turn wounded people onto their sides if they are unconscious and keep them warm.


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